The question of the extent of Lutheran spirituality’s presence in Vilhelm Hammershøi’s (1864-1916) art is one that has to be understood within the context of nineteenth-century Copenhagen and Hammershøi’s own influences.
This series of articles will uphold that Hammershøi’s work has a very present Lutheran Christian spirituality. Though Hammershøi’s spirituality is not made explicit, tenets of Lutheranism are suggested throughout his work. His art can be seen as a reflection of his own worldview. Above all, the Lutheran culture that Hammershøi was enveloped in, living in a Lutheran state, and the work of the theologian Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) shaped his art.